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On July 1, 1861, the Pony Express began operating under contract as a mail route. Those looking for a speedier delivery could, for a short time, at least, turn to the Pony Express, a private service that began running between St. Joseph, Missouri and California in April 1860. For people in the 1860s, it could take weeks or months to hear the latest news or get updates from friends and family on the other side of the country. The Pony Express was a mail delivery service that ran between St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California, which delivered mail, messages, and newspapers. The Pony Express operated on horses and could deliver mail in California as few as ten days rather than weeks when it was sent by a horse carriage (Ducksters). The Pony Express reduced that time by more than half, making mail delivery in 10 days or less possible for the first time. In 1860, the Pony Express began delivering mail from the East to West Coast in a mere 10 days. The Pony Express was a system of U.S. mail delivery made by horse-and-rider relays that took place from April 1860 to October 1861. Answer to: When was the first mail delivered via the Pony Express? Around midnight on April 14, 1860, the first mail pouch was delivered via the Pony Express to San Francisco. Costs and difficulties of maintaining the extensive network of stations, people and horses were numerous. Students will learn about the rise and fall of the Pony Express, the fast mail delivery service in the American West by: exploring the topic through introductory questions analyzing objects from the Autry Museum using guiding questions engaging in hands-on activities Pony Express summary: Three men in the mid-1800s had an idea to open up a mail delivery system that reached from the Midwest all the way to California. How long did it take a letter to be delivered via Pony Express? Since speed was its main goal, the Pony Express … BOX 236 • POLLOCK PINES, CA 95726. The Pony Express—which celebrates its 150th anniversary next year—was a big step forward in carrying the mail. His latest book is 2018’s Arizona Oddities: A Land of Anomalies and Tamales. Pony Express ads recruiting riders said “orphans preferred.” “It sounds good in print, but the advertisement didn’t come into existence until 1923 for a magazine cover,” said Pat Hearty of South Jordan, Utah Division president for the National Pony Express Association. Marshall Trimble is Arizona’s official historian and the Wild West History Association’s vice president. • The idea behind a relay mail service didn’t originate…, Charles Ray liked to hang out with bad guys. The nearly 2,000-mile (3,200-kilometer)… You probably didn’t know. Hamilton will never know where his mail was all those months. A rider handed the mail pack over to another rider after completing about 75 miles. Riders would carry the mail from station to station, switching to fresh horses at each station. A famous advertisement allegedly read: The post office contracted with the Pony Express for only a few months before the service shut down in October 1861, shortly after the completion of the transcontinental telegraph line. Running for approximately 18 months between 1860 and 1861, the mail service offered a quicker way of delivering mail between the coasts, boasting of a short ten-day delivery. Add another week or so for the mail to get from the East Coast to St. Joseph, and you’re looking at a total time of two to two-and-a-half weeks. After all, Benjamin Franklin was appointed the nation’s first postmaster general all the way back in 1775, after his fellow colonists rebelled against Britain’s Royal Mail and established the Post Office Department, the forerunner of the United States Postal Service (USPS). By that time, the Central Overland California and Pike’s Peak Express Company was deeply in debt. Using the Pony Express, mail could arrive in California in as few as 9 days rather than the weeks it took to arrive when sent by horse carriage. The Pony Express felt like a great game concept to us at Google. Unfortunately, the feds didn’t award the government mail contract to the Pony Express, and the venture went out of business in late 1861, a little more than a year and a half after its first ride. The fame of the Pony Express delivery service is closely tied to that of the Wild West legends, and there are many legacies and remembrances today that continue to honor that legacy, from post stamps to replica insignias, memorabilia, and various apparitions in shows, movies and so on. It achieved this record-breaking speed through its network of relay station… The riders, who were all young men, traveled about 75 to 100 miles a day before passing on the mail pouch to the next rider. After gold was discovered in 1848 in Sutter's Mill in California, prospectors joined with homesteaders flocking westward. Envisioning a similar contract for fast mail delivery, the Pony Express was born. What’s clear is it took 23 months for them to be delivered, a span that would have embarrassed the Pony Express. The first successful Pony Express run, from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California took place on April 3, 1860, when a lone rider on a bay mare galloped from Pike’s Peak Stables in St. Joseph, Missouri, thus inaugurating the famous Pony Express. In all, 34,750 pieces of mail were delivered over its short lifespan. In the era before electronic communication, the Pony Express was the thread that tied East to West. The Pony Express carried mail by horseback. Though there are many reasons for the ending of the Pony Express, the primary motive was due to the completion of the transcontinental telegraph. The National Pony Association are the volunteers making this cool tradition happen, not the once famous “Pony Express” cowboys who delivered mail across a wide area of the United States in 1860s. Pony Express. Near midnight on April 14, 1860, the mail reached its destination in San Francisco. Box 8008, Cave Creek, AZ 85327. It’s impossible to separate the history of the United States from the history of its post office. The Pony Express used a planned out route with a number of stations along the way. Going by the name Pony Diehl…, Glenn Miller North English, Iowa For help with this question, I contacted Lynn Houze,…. Eventually, the NPS hopes that some 120 historic sites along the trail will be open to the public—including 50 existing Pony Express stations or station ruins. As a result of the 1849 Gold Rush, the 1847 Mormon exodus to Utah and the thousands who moved west on the Oregon Trail starting in the 1840s, the need for a fast mail service beyond the Rocky Mountains became obvious. Pony Express. Those looking for a speedier delivery could, for a short time, at least, turn to the Pony Express, a private service that began running between St. Joseph, Missouri and California in April 1860. How did it work? Buffalo Bill Cody was a Pony Express … The fastest delivery time for news and mail was 22-25 days by the Overland stagecoach. True to their word, the first mail arrived on April 14th. Send your question, with your city/state of residence, to marshall.trimble@scottsdalecc.edu or Ask the Marshall, P.O. In 1860, riding for the Pony Express was difficult work – riders had to be tough and lightweight. The Pony Express grew out of a need for swifter mail service between the East and West prior to the Civil War. December 1859: While in Washington D.C., Senator Gwin proposes to Russell a demonstration of a fast-mail delivery by a pony express along the central overland route. The Pony Express would eventually operate out of 186 stations, with 80 riders and some 400 horses transporting mail through what is now Nebraska, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, and Nevada. At the time, transporting mail via steamship or stagecoach could take more than a month. Wanting a mail contract from the government, Russell embraces the idea and convinces his partners to go along with the venture. Still, the Pony Express went on, losing as much as $13 on every letter delivered. The first mail delivered via the Pony Express was sent on April 3, 1860 when it left St. Joseph, Missouri. Even so, people still celebrate the history of the Pony Express. The fastest delivery was in March 1861, when President Abraham Lincoln’s inaugural address was carried from St. Joseph to Sacramento in 7 days and 17 hours. Menard is not quite correct; the Pony Express was displaced by the telegraph. There was a weight limit for Pony Express riders. The Pony Express Museum is a popular tourist stop in St. Joseph, and the operation’s route has been designated the Pony Express National Historic Trail by the National Park Service (NPS). The lack of speedy communication between the mid-west and the west was accentuated by the looming threat of a civil war. The Pony Express was founded by William H. Russell, Alexander Majors, and William B. Waddell, who ran a transportation company taking freight, mail, … The service was short-lived and originally did not run through Arizona. NATIONAL PONY EXPRESS ASSOCIATION • P.O. The Pony Express delivery legacy. December 5th was the first day it began with Captain Bill Sinnard leading 12 other volunteers from Orin over to Glendo. Unfortunately, the feds didn’t award the government mail contract to the Pony Express, and the venture went out of business in late 1861, a little more than a year and a half after its first ride. Among them is an envelope—a rare artifact of the mid-19th-century’s legendary Pony Express mail service, founded 150 years ago. In 10 days, riders could deliver a letter the 1,966 miles from the base in St. Joseph, Missouri, to the terminus in Sacramento, California. The Pony Express was a mail delivery service which operated from April 3, 1860 to October 24, 1861 from St. Joseph, MO to Sacramento, CA and became the most direct and quickest way to communicate from east-west before the transcontinental telegraph. After this time, the Pony Express lived on only as a legend (Gibson, 2003). Easier -The pony express was a mail service where riders on horseback traveled from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California.Riders changed horses at stations placed about ten to fifteen miles apart. 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