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OVERVIEW. That is why this is one of the most important subjects for the UPSC IAS exam. Sikkim is the first ‘Organic State’ in India. SelfStudyforIAS / IAS,IPS,UPSC - India’s best learning platform Support :- +91883784113 , +919592420214. One Health includes human, animal and environmental health. The Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Environment Questions (Previous Year Topic-Wise UPSC Question Papers) 2019 1.Consider Environment Questions In UPSC Prelims Explanation: Antimicrobial resistance occurs naturally over time, usually through genetic changes. Checkout-₹0.00. Promoting environmentally sound and suitable development by identifying appropriate alternatives and mitigation measures. What do Farmer’s Want ? Country ownership and leadership, with involvement and participation of communities, are essential to accelerating progress through a multisectoral approach. No products in the cart. Environmental Impact Assessment studies are increasingly undertaken before a project is cleared by the Government. Objective four of the NAP-AMR aims to ensure optimum use of antibiotics in all sectors. Its tentative schedule is given below: The Namami Gange and National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) programmes and causes of mixed results from the previous schemes. How Himalayan and coastal states of India will be affected by climate change? In the WHO South-East Asia Region, malaria deaths reduced by 74%, from about 35 000 in 2000 to 9 000 in 2019. You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter. Nano Science and Technology Initiative (NSTI) Epidemiological trends of Malaria in India (2000-2019) Pv; Plasmodium Vivax & pf; Plasmodium Falciparum, Countries with indigenous cases in 2000 and their status by 2019 | SOURCES : WHO. AMR Data. Most of the candidates who opt for the botany optional are quite less. UPSC Prelims 2019 Question Paper Analysis. ‘Climate Change’ is a global problem. Explain the Ramsar concept of ‘wise use’ in the context of wetland conservation. December 15, 2020 Your email address will not be published. (Topic-wise UPSC Prelims Questions). ; The report has a special section on malaria and the COVID-19 pandemic. China and El Salvador had no indigenous malaria cases for a third consecutive year and have made a formal request for certification. 2015: Discuss the Namami Gange and National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) programmes and causes of mixed results from the previous schemes. In this framework, environmental degradation is a particular case of consumption or production externalities reflected by divergence between private and social costs (or benefits). It is because botany optional is a specialized subject and mostly preferred by students with a science background. Insights into Issues: Antimicrobial resistance Antibiotic resistance arises when bacteria evolve mechanisms to withstand the drugs which are used to fight infection. It is widely recognized as one of the toughest and the most prestigious examinations conducted in India. Twenty-nine countries accounted for 95% of malaria cases globally. against antimicrobial drugs (such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, antimalarials, and anthelmintics) that are used to treat infections. SOURCES : ELIMINATION OF MALARIA 2000-2019 | World Malaria Report 2020 | UPSC. UN agencies are working together to develop the One Health AMR Global Action Plan (GAP) that addresses the issue in human, animal, and plant health and food and environment sectors. Agriculture is one of the optional subjects for UPSC Civil Services Mains Paper. Globally, resistance to pyrethroids – the only insecticide class currently used in ITNs – continues to be widespread. It has been suggested by the World Health Organization’s (WHO) 2015 Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance (GAP) as well as AMR National Action Plans (NAP) of countries. Discuss the advantages of river linking and its possible impact on the environment. You might have heard about Superbugs which are resistant to all medicines. Total funding for malaria control and elimination in 2019 was estimated at US$ 3.0 billion. The Western Pacific Region had an estimated 1.7 million cases in 2019, a decrease of 43% from the 3 million cases in 2000. How does biodiversity vary in India? Studies by WHO has found that in many developing countries including India, the careless use of antibiotics is very prevalent. Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication or anti-microbial previously used to fight them. SYNERGISTIC ON AUXIN AND CYTOKININ 1 positively regulates growth and attenuates soil pathogen resistance Nat Commun. Environmental impact assessment studies are increasingly undertaken before the project is cleared by the government. Discussing the reasons for urban floods, highlight the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events. Give an account of the current status and the targets to be achieved pertaining to renewable energy sources in the country. This is known as Anti-Microbial Resistance (AMR). What quantum leaps can help preserve the river Ganga better than incremental inputs? The meaning of Green Revolution may be taken as, the adoption and diffusion of new seeds of wheat and rice has been considered as a significant achievement as it offered great optimism. Nigeria (27%), Congo (12%), Uganda (5%), Mozambique (4%) and Niger (3%) accounted for about 51% of all cases globally. Antimicrobial Resistance – UPSC Notes:-Download PDF Here Candidates can get topic-wise GS 3 questions from the links provided in the table below: For details of UPSC Mains, check the linked article. The environment is an important topic in UPSC Mains GS 3 of the Civil Services Examination (CSE.) Many questions are asked every year on this topic. Taking river Ganges as an example, discuss the strategies which may be adopted for river water pollution control and management. This topic would be of importance in the IAS Exam for both Prelims and Mains. Powered by SelfStudyforIAS. Let us dive in ! The areas of work in which a One Health approach is particularly relevant to include food safety, the control of zoonoses (diseases that can spread between animals and humans, such as flu, rabies, and Rift Valley Fever), and combatting antibiotic resistance (when bacteria change after being exposed to antibiotics and become more difficult to treat). New Markets or MSP | UPSC, Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 6th Jan 2021, Supreme Court clears Central Vista Project | UPSC, Statement on Climate of India during 2020-IMD | UPSC, Toycathon-2021 and Toycathon Portal | UPSC. Antimicrobial resistance is the resistance acquired by any microorganism (bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasite, etc.) Discuss the Ministry of Environment and Forest’s concept of GO AND NO GO zones for the coal mining sector. In fact, these varieties of seeds have revolutionised the agricultural landscape of the developing countries and the problem of food shortage has been reduced. Botany is one of the highly scoring subjects that are offered by UPSC for the mains exam. Antibiotic resistance is the subset of Antimicrobial resistance, it occurs naturally, but the misuse of antibiotics is accelerating in humans and animals. In India, the largest consumer of antibiotics in the world, this is a serious problem. The frequency of urban floods due to high-intensity rainfall is increasing over the years. What is a wetland? Not many years ago, river linking was a concept but it is becoming a reality in the country. For PRELIMS note down the trends , new definitions , statistics and facts relevant to India’s perspective. Context: While the COVID-19 pandemic continues to wreak havoc on our daily lives, a silent pandemic (AMR) has been brewing in the background for decades. Candidates can refer to the detailed GS 3 Structure, Syllabus and Strategy in the linked article. The tables below will provide Biodiversity & Environment questions for UPSC Mains GS 3 from the year 2013-2019. What are the consequences of Illegal mining? Discuss the measures suggested for mitigation of this impact while proposing major developmental projects. UNEP helps fund and implement specific environmental development projects worldwide, such as reforestation and wetlands restoration. How do we remove safely the toxic wastes that have been accumulating in our habitable environment? Agro ecology; cropping pattern as indicators of environments. Antimicrobial Resistance. – Mitigating the pressure to shift diagnostic production away from malaria to the detection of SARS-CoV2; – Success in resolving major global manufacturing bottlenecks for malaria medicines, – Mitigating the disruptions in the shipment and delivery of malaria commodities, – Resource mobilization for personal protective equipment (PPE). There was an error while trying to send your request. This article will provide you with a set of Science and Technology Questions asked in the Mains GS 3 of the IAS Exam over the years.. Define the concept of carrying capacity of an ecosystem as relevant to an environment. Breeding for disease and pest resistance. If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. India has sustained Annual Parasitic Incidence (API) of less than one since 2012. Similarly, storms around the high-pressure areas are called anticyclones. Every year Lakhs of aspirants appear for the UPSC, but not all can go to coaching hubs. Discuss with respect to India’s energy needs for economic growth. To get the topic-wise GS 3 questions for UPSC Mains in one place, check the linked article. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) identified antimicrobial resistance as one of six emerging issues of environmental concern in its 2017 Frontiers Report. World malaria report takes a historical look at key milestones that helped shape the global response to the disease over the last 2 decades. WHO World Malaria Report 2020:  India continues to make Impressive Gains in reduction of Malaria Burden, India the only high endemic country which has reported a decline of 17.6% in 2019 over 2018. – Tracking of disruptions in countries to help guide the response. It is one of the most important public health issues currently. Rehabilitation of human settlements is one of the important environmental impacts which always attracts controversy while planning major projects. Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops, animals and humans. Globally, an estimated 1.5 billion malaria cases and, Most of the cases (82%) and deaths (94%) averted were in the, If up to 80% of pregnant women who reported using antenatal care (ANC) services once were to receive one dose of. Read about Ramsar Sites and Biodiversity Act from the links below: Read about river linking and climate change from the links provided below: Read about National Mission for Clean Ganga in the linked article. In the Eastern Mediterranean Region, malaria deaths reduced by 16%, from about 12 000 in 2000 to 10 100 in 2019. There were more cases in 2019 than in 2018 in Comoros, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Suriname. High Value Current Affairs for UPSC CSE Pre: 10 Apr, 2017 Apr 10 | 63 upvotes Daily Reading List: 10 Apr, 2017 Apr 10 | 24 upvotes Daily Reading List, 11th April, 2017 Apr 11 | 40 upvotes At this stage mere understanding sometimes is not enough, one must develop the art of expression, by this it means that a candidate with limited knowledge should excel in using and reflecting the available information with appropriate representation. Nanotechnology needs to be measure nano dimensions, nano electrical properties, etc. DISTRIBUTION OF MALARIA CASES | SOURCES : WHO. Thus, standardization facilities for electrical parameters like nanvolt, nanoscale current, nanoscale resistance, and nanoscale charges have been developed and established in the National Laboratory. Your email address will not be published. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) identified antimicrobial resistance as one of six emerging issues of environmental concern in its 2017 Frontiers Report. There are currently no WHO-prequalified non-HRP2 combination tests that can detect and distinguish between P. falciparum and P. vivax. 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More than 3.1 billion treatment courses of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) were sold globally by manufacturers in 2010–2019. Refer to the following links to practise answer-writing about UNFCCC and EIA: Candidates can get UPSC Previous Year Question Papers from the linked article. Explain how understanding this concept is vital while planning for the sustainable development of a region. The percentage of total malaria deaths among children aged under 5 years was 84% in 2000 and 67% in 2019. Endophytic fungi in European aspen (Populus tremula) leaves-diversity, detection, and a suggested correlation with herbivory resistance Fungal Diversity: 2010 41:17-28; Saona NM, Albrectsen BR, Ericson L, Bazely DR Environmental stresses mediate endophyte-grass interactions in a boreal archipelago Journal of Ecology: 2010 98:470-479. The important environmental impacts of coal-fired thermal plants located at coal pitheads by WHO has found that in many countries! 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