Ad Serapionem, 1.1 . After his baptism at age 30, Gregory joined his friend Basil in a newly founded monastery. Olympius, to whom the last of this series is addressed, was Governor of Cappadocia Secunda in a.d. 382. 8 Gregory of Nazianzus, “To Cledonius Against Apollinaris (Epistle 101),” in Christology of the Later Fathers (ed. Those who follow the heresy of Arius or Eudoxius (I cannot say who stirred them up to this folly) are making a display of their disease, as if they had attained some degree of confidence by collecting congregations as if by permission. For Godhead joined to flesh alone is not man, nor to soul alone, nor to both apart from intellect, which is the most essential part of man. For what need is there even to mention to those who know it, the fact that everywhere in Scripture he is called Man, and the Son of Man? Not if you only look at Him in a bodily fashion. If, however, they rely on the passage, The Word was made Flesh and dwelt among us, John 1:14 and because of this erase the noblest part of Man (as cobblers do the thicker part of skins) that they may join together God and Flesh, it is time for them to say that God is God only of flesh, and not of souls, because it is written, As You have given Him power over all Flesh, and Unto You shall all Flesh come; and Let all Flesh bless His holy Name, meaning every Man. For if the faith began thirty years ago, when nearly four hundred years had passed since Christ was manifested, vain all that time will have been our Gospel, and vain our faith; in vain will the Martyrs have borne their witness, and in vain have so many and so great Prelates presided over the people; and Grace is a matter of metres and not of the faith. For how shall one thing contain two completenesses, either the house, the sunbeam and the sun, or the earth, the moisture and the river? But because by taking them upon Him He took away our sins and bore our iniquities. St. Gregory of Nazianzus, the Theologian 286 § 69. Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co.. Revised and edited for New Advent by Kevin Knight. As is typical among theologians, Gregory's comment may have elicited a debate concerning the unconventional grammar and possible reasons/solutions. While Gregory was at Xantharis an opportunity presented itself for seeing Olympius… Ep. But if it was that He might destroy the condemnation by sanctifying like by like, then as He needed flesh for the sake of the flesh which had incurred condemnation, and soul for the sake of our soul, so, too, He needed mind for the sake of mind, which not only fell in Adam, but was the first to be affected, as the doctors say of illnesses. That we must worship, not a God-bearing Flesh, but a Man-bearing God. Apollinarius, according to S. Gregory, declares that the Son of God was from all eternity clothed with a human body, and not from the time of His conception only by the Blessed Virgin; but that this humanity of God is without human mind, the place of which was supplied by the Godhead of the Only-begotten. But if they, overwhelmed by these arguments, take refuge in the proposition that it is possible for God to save man even apart from mind, why, I suppose that it would be possible for Him to do so also apart from flesh by a mere act of will, just as He works all other things, and has wrought them without body. choresis was ﬁrst used by Gregory Nazianzen in the fourth century ad,inhisEpistle 101 and elsewhere, ... 5 Gregory, Epistle 101,inPatrologia Graeca 37.181C, cited in Otto, ‘The use and abuse of perichoresis, p. 368. Saint Gregory of Nazianzus, also known as Gregory the Theologian, lived an illustrious life as an orator, poet, priest, and bishop. But if anyone does not assent to this statement, either now or hereafter, he shall give account to God at the day of judgment. commentaries on Gregory’s homilies, the Life and Enkomion of Gregory. David Tbeli translated Gregory of Nazianzus' twelve works into the Georgian: ten homilies (or.or. For that which has a beginning or a progress or is made perfect, is not God, although the expressions may be used of His gradual manifestation. For that flesh is less precious than soul, everyone who has a spark of sense will acknowledge. But it is not safe to make any innovation before judgment is given, especially in a matter of such importance, and connected with so great issues. An English translation of this text, placed alongside the Greek text, can be found on the subscription version of the site. They who argue thus do not know that such expressions are used by Synecdoche, declaring the whole by the part, as when Scripture says that the young ravens call upon God, to indicate the whole feathered race; or Pleiades, Hesperus, and Arcturus are mentioned, instead of all the Stars and His Providence over them. Origen and Gregory of Nyssa were the two major early developers of this perspec-tive. Gregory of Nazianzus, known best for his Christology and Trinitarian doctrine, presents an incomparable vision of the image of God. Ep. Is that not subject to condemnation? By A ndrew H ofer. (To help fight spam, this address might change occasionally.) And so the passage, The Word was made Flesh, seems to me to be equivalent to that in which it is said that He was made sin, 2 Corinthians 5:21 or a curse Galatians 3:13 for us; not that the Lord was transformed into either of these, how could He be? You must therefore either set aside the latter on account of sin, or admit the former on account of salvation. For where is His body now, if not with Him Who assumed it? St. Gregory was a Doctor of the Church, born at Arianzus in Asia Minor, probably in 325, and died in 389. (Click here for Greek Text). For a bushel measure will not hold two bushels, nor will the space of one body hold two or more bodies. For Godhead joined to flesh alone is not man, nor to soul alone, nor to both apart from intellect, which is the most essential part of man. But if anyone who thinks we have spoken rightly on this subject reproaches us with holding communion with heretics, let him prove that we are open to this charge, and we will either convince him or retire. Those interested in late-antique epistolography, literary culture, Christianity, and Cappadocian society will find much of value in this compact volume. For if our present assailants had any ground for condemning us in regard of the faith, it would not have been right for them, even in that case, to have ventured on such a course without giving us notice. For it is evident that they can only have been so received as assenting to the Orthodox Faith, for this were an impossibility on any other terms. They who take away the Humanity and the Interior Image cleanse by their newly invented mask only our outside, Matthew 23:25-26 and that which is seen; so far in conflict with themselves that at one time, for the sake of the flesh, they explain all the rest in a gross and carnal manner (for it is from hence that they have derived their second Judaism and their silly thousand years delight in paradise, and almost the idea that we shall resume again the same conditions after these same thousand years); and at another time they bring in His flesh as a phantom rather than a reality, as not having been subjected to any of our experiences, not even such as are free from sin; and use for this purpose the apostolic expression, understood and spoken in a sense which is not apostolic, that our Saviour was made in the likeness of Men and found in fashion as a Man, Philippians 2:7 as though by these words was expressed, not the human form, but some delusive phantom and appearance. In this treatise the fundamental errors of the heresy (see Proleg. For we also think we have the spirit of God, 1 Corinthians 7:40 if indeed this is a gift of the Spirit, and not a human novelty. But, says such an one, the Godhead took the place of the human intellect. GREGORY OF NAZIANZUS’S RECEPTION OF ORIGEN: THE HISTORY, STRUCTURE, AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PHILOCALIA OF ORIGEN by Joey Cochran Th.M. St. Epiphanius 310 § 72. In them he discusses the consubstantiality of the Son and Holy Spirit in relation to God, as well as the fact that no human, despite their level of understanding or knowledge, can fully comprehend the nature of God (Bone). St. Gregory of Nyssa wrote a large refutation, Antirrheticus. For he alleges another saying of an Apostle, which he cuts off from the whole body of its context, that The Second Man is the Lord from Heaven. They ought, either not to do that of which they accuse us, or not to accuse us of that which they do; so at least if they are resolved to be consistent and not to propound at once their own and their opponents' principles. You, my good sir, dishonour my mind (you a Sarcolater, if I am an Anthropolater ) that you may tie God down to the Flesh, since He cannot be otherwise tied; and therefore you take away the wall of partition. For if they are permitted to teach their view as godly men, and with all confidence to preach their doctrine, it is manifest that the doctrine of the Church has been condemned, as though the truth were on their side. CXL. And my soul is immersed to such a degree by calamities that the private sufferings of my own life hardly seem to be worth reckoning among evils (though they are so numerous and great, that if they befell anyone else I should think them unbearable); but I can only look at the common sufferings of the Churches; for if at the present crisis some pains be not taken to find a remedy for them, things will gradually get into an altogether desperate condition. (Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1894.) For it is evident that they can only have been so received as assenting to the Orthodox Faith, for this were an impossibility on any other terms. XLVI., S. Gregory gives extracts from a work of Apollinarius himself, but without mentioning the title of the book. But what is my theory, who am but an ignorant man, and no Philosopher. CXXXI. Receive then to communion those who think and teach thus, as I also do; but those who are otherwise minded refuse, and hold them as strangers to God and the Catholic Church. The title certainly indicates a deep knowledge about God, but it underscores the experiential knowledge of the Divine. Gregory of Nazianzus (329–390 AD) is one of three people to receive the epitaph “Theologian.” The others are John the Apostle and Symeon (949–1022 AD). c. 1, p. 172) are laid down. In this book, Gabrielle Thomas offers a close analysis of his writings and demonstrates how Nazianzen depicts both the nature and experience of … On the words Incarnate, and Made Man. But if it is mere words, and an invention of their own, devised for the sake of appearances and to give them weight with the multitude through the credit of the persons, teach them to hold their tongues, and confute them; for we believe that such a task is well suited to your manner of life and orthodoxy. Gregory of Nazianzus (329-390 CE), "the Theologian," is the premier teacher on the Holy Trinity in Eastern Christian tradition, yet for over a century historians and theologians have largely neglected his work. For how shall one thing contain two completenesses, either the house, the sunbeam and the sun, or the earth, the moisture and the river? Gregory of Nazianzus and Athanasius, on the other hand, rejected the ransom theor y. And he goes even further and ascribes passibility and mortality to the very Godhead of Christ. For to make the Trinity consist of Great, Greater, and Greatest, as of Light, Ray, and Sun, the Spirit and the Son and the Father (as is clearly stated in his writings), is a ladder of Godhead not leading to Heaven, but down from Heaven. And so the passage, The Word was made Flesh, seems to me to be equivalent to that in which it is said that He was made sin, or a curse for us; not that the Lord was transformed into either of these, how could He be? As Gregory of Nazianzus stated, “That which is not assumed is not healed.” 2 If Christ was not human in the same way we are human, then we remain in bondage to our sins. Further let us see what is their account of the assumption of Manhood, or the assumption of Flesh, as they call it. To our most reverend and God-beloved brother and fellow priest Cledonius, Gregory, greeting in the Lord. S imelidis, Selected Poems of st vladimir’s seminary press. But since our faith has been proclaimed, both in writing and without writing, here and in distant parts, in times of danger and of safety, how comes it that some make such attempts, and that others keep silence? Greek text from Migne PG, Vol. CXLI. 37, Cols. Against Christopher Beeley ( Gregory of Nazianzus on the Trinity and the Knowledge of God [New York: Oxford University Press, 2008], pp. To our most reverend and God-beloved brother and fellow priest Cledonius, Gregory, greeting in the Lord. Epistle 101 (part of). 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