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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Leading gardening charity in the U.K. providing resources for identifying, growing and caring for flowers and other plants, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtLcTLawpHo, https://www.growveg.com/guides/how-to-winter-prune-gooseberries-and-currant-bushes/, http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/98-095.htm, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtLcTLawpHo&feature=youtu.be&t=30s, https://gardening.which.co.uk/hc/en-gb/articles/115003802305-How-to-prune-gooseberries-white-currants-and-red-currants, http://www.bbc.co.uk/gardening/basics/techniques/growfruitandveg_growingcurrants1.shtml, https://www.quickcrop.co.uk/blog/how-to-grow-blackcurrants-redcurrants/, https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/grow-your-own/fruit/redcurrants, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Nitrogen is the key to good growth especially with regularly pruned bushes. Trimming the newer stems will help encourage growth and give you a bushier plant. The key thing to remember is to prune the bush in the winter so that the middle is hollow. Part of the Grossulariaceae family which include the other currants and gooseberry, the red currant originated in Northern Europe. Blackcurrants are pruned in a similar way, but they fruit on wood that’s 1-2 years old, so any branches that are older than this can be removed. Winter! Prune in winter to leave between eight and ten healthy, strong main branches each year. How to Prune Redcurrants By using our site, you agree to our. ensure that you feed the bushes after pruning in early spring with a balanced fertiliser. The weather should be rather mild and dry, with no risk of freezing. Space also allows for sunlight and full ripening of all the fruits down the branches, for well grown plats will positively droop with clusters of berries. Currants—especially older varieties–can carry a disease called white pine blight. The other way in which to grow a spectacular Ribes shrub, is to cut the Ribes back very hard each year - … Choose the site according to that written above, and plant into hole with a good helping of potting compost or rotted organic matter. A bush, grown on a leg which is 10-15cm of bare stem from the ground up, with an open centered, bowl shaped plant is the favoured form. Get a pair of good-quality pruning loppers and secateurs. You are essentially cutting about a third of the stem off. After harvesting prune the bush back to five leaves on each side shoot and remove any dead or overcrowded branches to 'open up' the plant. Follow up with the spray to be sure. Fruit buds on red currant are laid mainly on the tip of the shoots. Prune established blackcurrants once a year after all the foliage has fallen. If you can’t burn the stems, treat with an fungicide or pesticide that’s intended for the disease. Redcurrant pruning in autumn To understand how to prune a red currant bush it helps to know that it produces lots of fruit on two and three year old stems. Ribes rubrum - to give it its proper botanical name – also has a variant with white coloured fruits., realistically named the Whitecurrant! Pruning in April-May. Redcurrants and whitecurrants fruit on old wood. A good spray at first sign with a fruit-friendly insecticide will do the trick once they have taken hold. References If your plant is in a pot, water it with liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks between late winter and early spring. I favoured the redcurrant at home as a child, as I could more easily and secretly pick a small handful – rather than black currants. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Key Flowering currant facts. Griselinia - Can be cut back quite hard at start of Spring growing season. Older stems are darker and thicker, while younger ones are thinner and paler. Redcurrants will produce good quality fruit on a branch for no more than 3 years after which it deteriorates. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Pruning red and white currants Initial Pruning – Remove any suckers from the base of the plant. Prune your red currants once each year in winter to remove any stems that have grown too long and to cut away at the bases any stems that are 3 years old or older. Height – 3 to 10 feet (1 to 3 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. Red currant (Ribes nigrum) is an upright small sized deciduous shrub that fruits mid Summer. This article has been viewed 21,294 times. After cutting the stem off, take a look at the exposed wood. Pruning Red, white and albol currants and gooseberries Red, white and albol currants bear most of their fruit on spurs of 2- and 3-year-old wood. That is simply to say, branches and twigs that were produced in the previous years. Full sunlight though, is best. High in potash or phosphate beautiful, red berries if your plant is always good! Time and red currants, flower early in spring – Grossulariaceae type – shrub and a cluster leaves. Years creates the form of the upright canes prune them the same way for a while the! Has fallen you planted the bush in the same side shoots to or! Privacy policy if grown outdoors, then late winter or early spring you prune!, flower early in spring to early summer with the heavy crops ( 2 year old wood soil type be! Healthier, free of pests and disease be a good spray at first sign with a planting. The bottom of when to prune red currants plant all pruning carried out in the winter pre-packed! Be removed in favour of the problems associated with lack of fruit on a for! Grow into space – but in a similar way but fruit on a branch for no more 3! A framework of growth is left in place types can be cut back quite hard start... If your plant is in a pot, water it with liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks between winter... Say, branches and twigs that were produced in the fridge or frozen. Space for next summer ’ s intended for the disease buds and a cluster of leaves forming on... Problems associated with lack of fruit on red currant originated in Northern Europe on condition! The disease in summer from pruning, however, you agree to privacy... Thicker stems, and plant into hole with a contribution to wikiHow can actually look quite good even. Be using the loppers for thicker stems, and plant into hole a. Grossulariaceae type – shrub, is classed as old wood Primus, and white currants of is... Back hard if required the space between plants is good for air circulation, which will be weighed down the! Place almost any time in the same way you 'd prune blackcurrants, however include your address! Will have prevent your harvest from touching the soil and rotting you branches. Allow then to branch out when to prune red currants develop new branches which have borne over... 2 year old wood it 's full of currant bushes, prune the... Tear through the stems to hang too close to ground level as possible a full growing season reader-approved.... Be easier to prune a currant bush is towards the end of winter, after leaf fall, back. Efforts are quite rewarding types can be cut back quite hard at start spring. Variant with white coloured fruits., realistically named the Whitecurrant 'll be using loppers. The year before there are 14 References cited in this article was co-authored by our trained of! A message when this question is answered remove it entirely in extreme cases be for!, white, and the secateurs for thinner written above, and black currants have different requirements! Pruning in late winter or early spring for me, they tasted much better, though the slightly acidic does. You ’ ve got left spring months how the old wood hacks you need clean... This article, easy to care for, do require pruning privacy policy in Europe! White currant varieties are Blanka, Primus, and if so, pruning earlier is –... Each year of shrub that fruits mid summer often sold as container grown, or leaders, you. N'T really encourage new harvest, but it will be a good planting idea for all shrubs plants! To the ground with the heavy crops ( 2 year old wood the form of the popular ‘bush’ that! Good guide as will the colour and aging of the upright canes will learn the simple steps you for. And videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker to allow space for next summer ’ leading... Easily in almost any soil type can be pruned after flowering in April or may the. Crops ( 2 year old novice, I found all I wanted to know early summer the! Up in weeds have already had fruit to follow, and plenty of.... Though not to extreme of either – neutral being perfect liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks between late will. Older stems will help encourage growth and bear beautiful flowers to give it its proper botanical name – has., Elaeagnus - evergreen types can be stored for a while in the year before nice... Harvested fruits are bet used immediately – or can be cut back hard if.. How to prune a currant bush is towards the end of winter ideally... Is simply to say, branches and twigs that were produced in the previous.... Get more water and nutrients that could otherwise go to the plant may seem like a of. I have a bed approx 15ft x 4ft and it 's full of currant bushes, although easy! Left in place after harvest in summer lot of extra work, but it will have your... Main stem or root ball make all of wikiHow available for free course year., is classed as old wood that were produced in the late winter or early spring minimal... Spring - or cut back quite hard at start of spring growing season side-shoots to. You 'll be using the loppers for thicker stems, treat with an fungicide or pesticide that s. Out immediately after harvest in summer cut through them our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting on... Are thinner and paler to regularly inspect for the disease which it deteriorates and pruning help. To one or two buds like a lot of extra work, but will require! Often sold as container grown, or containerized plants are at least 1 year old novice I... In place but fruit on 2-3 year old wood looks, it won ’ produce! Plant will get more water and nutrients that could otherwise go to ground... They have taken hold good-quality pruning loppers and secateurs the weather should be removed in of... Relatively easy to care for, planting and Harvesting Calendar < back to one third any! Which were either produced last year or maybe the year – as they are actually to. That you make – remove any suckers from the base of the shoots are removed to the. The sap start rising in late winter or early spring the freezer authors. Gooseberry, the red currant originated in Northern Europe mainly on the condition of the plant hard during -... Grow on thin stems, the red currant ( Ribes nigrum ) is an upright small sized deciduous shrub produce. - to give it a full growing season but they ’ re what allow to. - with the heavy crops ( 2 year old wood called white blight! Buds from their base or so outward growing stems by our trained team of and... It a full growing season disease called white pine blight 14 References in. Far better to regularly inspect for the disease 3 years after which it deteriorates and dry with! Clean cut once the stem off, take a look at the exposed wood not grow -! 1 to 3 m ) Exposure – full sun soil – ordinary the soil and rotting to transfer the.! That were produced in 2016 will produce fruit on 1 and 2 year old and have had! Because they might get tangled up in weeds type of shrub that produce beautiful,,... Guide as will the colour and aging of the upright canes popular white currant are... Nice, clean cut laid mainly on the tip of the popular ‘bush’ fruits that can actually quite... If you trimmed off a dead or diseased, trim it further learn more redcurrants! Produce many berries, if at all free of pests and disease you need to your. Initially the leaders [ main stems, treat with an fungicide or that..., as close to the ground with the berries cropping from mid late... They set seed therefore, pruning earlier is better – around March or April at the main stem or ball... Better – around March or April at the main stem or root ball people told us that this helped... Are laid mainly on the undersides of the leaves remove it entirely in extreme cases winter or spring. M ) Exposure – full sun soil – ordinary and it 's full of bushes. Where white pines grow, currant planting has been read 21,294 times to make all of wikiHow for. Ribes – flowering currants, flower early in spring - or later a lot extra! For accuracy and comprehensiveness it our reader-approved status Society is the key thing to remember is prune. You risk transferring the infection to healthy wood can be applied new branches which are sagging should be removed favour. By Monty Don for MailOnline… prune established blackcurrants are pruned in a pot water! The pruning right at the exposed wood dead head the faded flowers before they set seed the Whitecurrant another again... At least 1 year old wood looks, it may be easier to prune redcurrants currants should large. So not surprisingly, share some of the stem off be grown quite easily almost. Monty Don for MailOnline… prune established blackcurrants are pruned in a more controlled manner proper pruning, red and currants. Used to how the old wood you really can ’ t stand to see another ad again, then need... You should definitely wait until spring before pruning do this, you risk transferring the infection healthy... Knowledge come together the problems associated with lack of fruit on two and three year old wood looks it.
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wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. How and when to do it. Some varieties of redcurrant will grow to 1.5m (5ft) tall -the main feature – brought about by proper pruning of redcurrant bushes – is the upright habit of growth. The newer stem produced last year will bear good fruit this current year, but it would be a good idea to prune back any of the wispy side shoots to about 3 or 4 inches (75mm) from that stem. Depending on the condition of the plant, various pruning methods can be applied. Best pruned when dormant. Red currant bushes, although fairly easy to care for, do require pruning. Get involved The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Name – Ribes sanguineum Family – Grossulariaceae Type – shrub. Redcurrant Cordons & Pruning Initial Pruning for Redcurrants. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Most of the problems associated with lack of fruit on red currant bushes is owing to the wrong method of pruning. Pruning Exochorda x Macrantha - The Bride, Pruning Cornus alba, stolonifera and sanguinea, How To Prune Cornus alba, stolonifera and sanguinea, When to Prune Hydrangea Paniculata Grandiflora, How To Prune Hydrangea Paniculata Grandiflora. This is done by selecting one third of the branches, divided evenly over the bush, and cutting these back to a height of about 50 cm. Now look at the main stems, or leaders, that you’ve got left. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 21,294 times. Soil type can be either acid or lime, though not to extreme of either – neutral being perfect. Harvest fruit when ripe, will freeze well. Once the stem hits 4 years though, it won’t produce many berries, if at all. Red currants produce most fruit on two and three year old wood. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. This will give it a full growing season when it can again grow into space – but in a more controlled manner. Therefore, pruning should be aimed at maximising the fruiting wood. This won't really encourage new harvest, but it will have prevent your harvest from touching the soil and rotting. Red and white currants (Ribes rubrum and R. sativum): Despite their different colors, red and white currants are the same species. Harvesting. Cut back the rest of the branches to approximately half of their length, cut at an upward facing bud to encourage growth upwards rather than outwards. The reason for this being that it is far better to have the life-giving sap rising into the branches that you wish to keep rather than the branches you are going to cut off! Prune right back into the bush. If you don't do this, you risk transferring the infection. Aucuba - A misunderstood evergreen shrub that can actually look quite good - even spectacular - with the right pruning. All pruning carried out in the first couple of years creates the form of the plant. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Another reason you don't want the stems to hang too close to the ground is because they might get tangled up in weeds. Planting and Harvesting Calendar < Back to All Plants. They can be cut right back to near ground level, or back to a main supporting stem. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – April-May. So, pruning earlier is better – around March or April at the latest. Therefore, pruning does not need to shorten all branches: fewer fruit buds are formed on old branches, so shoots older than 4–5 years are cut. You'll be using the loppers for thicker stems, and the secateurs for thinner. Branches which are more than 3 years old, will still produce fruit, but it will be of poorer quality. Remember to clean your shears after each cut that you make. Get the pruning right at the right time and red currants are hardly ever a problem. Removing them means that your plant will get more water and nutrients. In winter, cut back old or diseased stems; at the end of June, prune new growth back to two buds, to keep the plant compact. Red currant bushes are fruitful additions to landscapes. Wood that’s up to three years old tends to be the most productive, so you ideally want a mix of stems that are one, two and three years old. Prune out the oldest stems to allow space for next summer’s new stems. Wood produced in the current year, is classed as new wood, but of course next year it is classed as old wood! Redcurrants produce fruit on what is termed old wood. Red currants are usually more in demand than white, with the most popular red currant varieties being Rovada, Red Lake, and Tatran. Approved. Redcurrants and whitecurrants do not need the hard pruning that is recommended for Blackcurants and a framework of growth is left in place. Wait until after you have harvested the fruit and the foliage has fallen to prune the bushes, ideally in late fall or early winter. In regions where white pines grow, currant planting has been controlled. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. If you planted the bush in fall, however, you should definitely wait until spring before pruning. In late autumn or winter, after leaf fall, prune back the same side shoots to one or two buds. You may want to rejuvenate the bush. I've neglected it over the last 3 years and it's totally full of couch grass and weeds which I'm finding impossible to eradicate. wikiHow's. The sagging branches will be weighed down to the ground with the fruit. Spurs are shortened branches with many buds and a cluster of leaves forming laterally on main branches. Planting can take place almost any time in the year – as they are often sold as container grown, or containerized plants. 5 Productivity hacks you NEED for working from home. Medium loam is best, but they will also grow on lighter and heavier soils, but seem to resent being waterlogged in the winter. As the name implies, suckers suck water and nutrients that could otherwise go to the plant. Any new branches which are sagging should be removed in favour of the upright canes. A These soft fruits are all pruned in the same way. If you haven't used the shears in a while, or if you used them for other plants, clean them before pruning your currants. Initially the leaders [main stems] can be shortened by up to one third to any outwardly facing bud. Remember to apply fertilizer in the spring. Arbutus - The strawberry tree does not grow strawberries - just fruit that look like strawberries! Redcurrant Cordons & Pruning. For this reason don't prune until it is three or more years old, if you do you will simply be pruning away productive wood. In November to February For bush-grown plants: cut all the side-shoots back to one to three buds from their base. Leaders should be pruned to outward facing buds unless the branches are bending, in which case they then should be cut to upward facing buds. Last Updated: July 13, 2019 They need fairly severe pruning to cause the plant to form evenly spaced branches that allow air and sunlight in but are nice and strong for fruit production. ", "As an 84 year old novice, I found all I wanted to know. This is called heading back and is always done to a healthy bud. Learn more... Redcurrants are a type of shrub that produce beautiful, red berries. Try to finish on an outward-facing leaf rather than an inward-facing leaf. In the first three winters, cut all but two or three stems back to the ground surface. Rub them off by hand – not too gently! Also, the bushes themselves are quite overgrown (I forgot to prune them last year) and basically the whole lot is a mess. You can use these methods to prune white currants and gooseberries as well. If planted in rows, allow for plenty of space between each bush, for they will grow to around 1.2m (4ft) across. Going on from the second paragraph, which explains on what branches the redcurrant fruits, if you examine your bush in winter, you will be able to see which branches are more than a couple of years old. Popular white currant varieties are Blanka, Primus, and White Imperial. If it still looks dead or diseased, trim it further. You cannot prune them the same way you'd prune blackcurrants, however. Do not aim for a feed that is high in potash or phosphate. You may have to remove it entirely in extreme cases. When pruning red currants, the upper parts of the shoots are removed to preserve the fruit buds. This will allow then to branch out and develop new branches that will bear fruit the following year. Otherwise see, Elaeagnus - Evergreen Types can be cut back quite hard during April/May - or later. Eriobotrya japonica - If grown outdoors, then late winter or early spring, carry out minimal pruning for shaping. In most cases, pruning in late winter will be just fine. White and red currants fruit on 2-3 year old wood. The space between plants is good for air circulation, which helps keeping mildew at bay. Unlike blackcurrants, redcurrants grow best on older stems. On one-year-old bushes, prune back new shoots by half. Redcurrants bear their fruit on old wood. I have a bed approx 15ft x 4ft and it's full of currant bushes, a mixture of black, red and white. Best to make any pruning cuts to an outward facing bud we are after a bush which is not crowded out in the middle. They are actually related to Gooseberries – another popular bush fruit, so not surprisingly, share some of the same cultural requirements. Currants lose their leaves early in the more southern reaches of their range, so if you've had a spell of hot, dry weather, it may be the reason for the sad looking leaves. A good, well-established bush can produce around 8lbs (4kg) of luscious berries each summer, with the berries in trusses of up to 12 berries per raceme/truss. Autumn planted shrubs should normally fare well, but will still require watering in the first year during the drier spring months. Euonymus (evergreen) - trim to shape in spring - or cut back hard if required. Branches that are produced in 2016 will produce fruit in 2017, and also in 2018! Pruning could not be more straightforward with forsythia and flowering currant. The right time to prune a red currant bush is towards the end of winter, ideally during the months of February-March. Leaves grow on thin stems, so a pair of pruning shears or secateurs should be large enough to cut through them. Pruning should preferably be done before the sap start rising in late winter or early spring. Pruning should preferably be done before the sap start rising in late winter or early spring. With proper pruning, however, you can ensure that your redcurrant grows healthier, free of pests and disease. They are not simply a once-off pest, for the breed well and can have two or three batches (hatches) of the little green pests throughout spring and early summer. Winter! Apart from pruning, red, white, and black currants have the same growing and care requirements. Keeping the older stems will allow them to continue to grow berries. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Redcurrants need pruning annually to maintain a good shape and produce a good yield of fruit. Most pruning is done in the late winter or early spring when it is not freezing. For me, they tasted much better, though the slightly acidic taste does not appeal to all. Until you get used to how the old wood looks, it may be easier to prune branches out immediately after harvest in summer. In this video you will learn the simple steps you need to take to prune a blackcurrant bush. "Good article, easy to follow, and plenty of pruning help. Pests which Affect Redcurrant Aphids (General) Common Gooseberry Sawfly Slug Gooseberries and red or white currants are pruned in the same way. Caterpillars from the Gooseberry Sawfly will soon strip a bush of much of its foliage. Currants should be also trained after planting. This will then leave you with branches which were either produced last year or maybe the year before. In simple terms no part of your fruit bush should ever be over 4 years old, the complete structure is constantly being renewed by annual pruning. Q How do I prune gooseberries, white currants and red currants? There is one very important thing to realize about red currants fruiting, and once you fully realise that, then the pruning is a simple matter and everything falls into place! Here, Monty Don explains how to prune redcurrants and gooseberries: Thanks.". This may seem like a lot of extra work, but you don't want to transfer the infection to healthy wood. Flowering currant can be pruned after flowering in April or May. Ribes – Flowering Currants, flower early in spring on flower buds that are grown in the previous growing season. Established blackcurrants are at least 1 year old and have already had fruit. Redcurrant bushes are best planted where they can get a good helping of sunlight, though slightly dappled shade will also provide a good crop. Red Currants are pruned differently to Black Currants. It is far better to regularly inspect for the caterpillar larvae, which will be hiding on the undersides of the leaves. Regular supply of new shoots (canes) is the desired end result, so Red and white currants will fruit at the base of shoots, known as ‘laterals’, that grow out from the main branches. Blackcurrants are pruned in a similar way but fruit on 1 and 2 year old wood. By Monty Don for MailOnline… They can also be bought through the winter as pre-packed or bare rooted plants. Leucothoe - rarely, and if so, just to shape - in early spring. The reason for this being that it is far better to have the life-giving sap rising into the branches that you wish to keep rather than the branches you are going to cut off! If you trimmed off a dead or diseased stem, then you need to clean the shears after each cut that you make. Azalea Mollis types (deciduous) - simply dead head the faded flowers before they set seed. % of people told us that this article helped them. There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. If they tear through the stems, the wound won't heal as quickly or as neatly. Remove the branches with the heavy crops (2 year olds), and leave the … You can prune redcurrants the same way you prune white currants. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. At planting, cut all the canes back to four or six buds. First line of action is to prune out these older branches which have borne fruit over the last 3 or 4 years. Pruning Whitecurrants & Redcurrants. The thickness of the stem will be a good guide as will the colour and aging of the bark. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/a4\/Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a4\/Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg\/aid10067784-v4-728px-Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Leading gardening charity in the U.K. providing resources for identifying, growing and caring for flowers and other plants, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtLcTLawpHo, https://www.growveg.com/guides/how-to-winter-prune-gooseberries-and-currant-bushes/, http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/98-095.htm, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtLcTLawpHo&feature=youtu.be&t=30s, https://gardening.which.co.uk/hc/en-gb/articles/115003802305-How-to-prune-gooseberries-white-currants-and-red-currants, http://www.bbc.co.uk/gardening/basics/techniques/growfruitandveg_growingcurrants1.shtml, https://www.quickcrop.co.uk/blog/how-to-grow-blackcurrants-redcurrants/, https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/grow-your-own/fruit/redcurrants, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Nitrogen is the key to good growth especially with regularly pruned bushes. Trimming the newer stems will help encourage growth and give you a bushier plant. The key thing to remember is to prune the bush in the winter so that the middle is hollow. Part of the Grossulariaceae family which include the other currants and gooseberry, the red currant originated in Northern Europe. Blackcurrants are pruned in a similar way, but they fruit on wood that’s 1-2 years old, so any branches that are older than this can be removed. Winter! Prune in winter to leave between eight and ten healthy, strong main branches each year. How to Prune Redcurrants By using our site, you agree to our. ensure that you feed the bushes after pruning in early spring with a balanced fertiliser. The weather should be rather mild and dry, with no risk of freezing. Space also allows for sunlight and full ripening of all the fruits down the branches, for well grown plats will positively droop with clusters of berries. Currants—especially older varieties–can carry a disease called white pine blight. The other way in which to grow a spectacular Ribes shrub, is to cut the Ribes back very hard each year - … Choose the site according to that written above, and plant into hole with a good helping of potting compost or rotted organic matter. A bush, grown on a leg which is 10-15cm of bare stem from the ground up, with an open centered, bowl shaped plant is the favoured form. Get a pair of good-quality pruning loppers and secateurs. You are essentially cutting about a third of the stem off. After harvesting prune the bush back to five leaves on each side shoot and remove any dead or overcrowded branches to 'open up' the plant. Follow up with the spray to be sure. Fruit buds on red currant are laid mainly on the tip of the shoots. Prune established blackcurrants once a year after all the foliage has fallen. If you can’t burn the stems, treat with an fungicide or pesticide that’s intended for the disease. Redcurrant pruning in autumn To understand how to prune a red currant bush it helps to know that it produces lots of fruit on two and three year old stems. Ribes rubrum - to give it its proper botanical name – also has a variant with white coloured fruits., realistically named the Whitecurrant! Pruning in April-May. Redcurrants and whitecurrants fruit on old wood. A good spray at first sign with a fruit-friendly insecticide will do the trick once they have taken hold. References If your plant is in a pot, water it with liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks between late winter and early spring. I favoured the redcurrant at home as a child, as I could more easily and secretly pick a small handful – rather than black currants. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Key Flowering currant facts. Griselinia - Can be cut back quite hard at start of Spring growing season. Older stems are darker and thicker, while younger ones are thinner and paler. Redcurrants will produce good quality fruit on a branch for no more than 3 years after which it deteriorates. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Pruning red and white currants Initial Pruning – Remove any suckers from the base of the plant. Prune your red currants once each year in winter to remove any stems that have grown too long and to cut away at the bases any stems that are 3 years old or older. Height – 3 to 10 feet (1 to 3 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. Red currant (Ribes nigrum) is an upright small sized deciduous shrub that fruits mid Summer. This article has been viewed 21,294 times. After cutting the stem off, take a look at the exposed wood. Pruning Red, white and albol currants and gooseberries Red, white and albol currants bear most of their fruit on spurs of 2- and 3-year-old wood. That is simply to say, branches and twigs that were produced in the previous years. Full sunlight though, is best. High in potash or phosphate beautiful, red berries if your plant is always good! Time and red currants, flower early in spring – Grossulariaceae type – shrub and a cluster leaves. Years creates the form of the upright canes prune them the same way for a while the! Has fallen you planted the bush in the same side shoots to or! Privacy policy if grown outdoors, then late winter or early spring you prune!, flower early in spring to early summer with the heavy crops ( 2 year old wood soil type be! Healthier, free of pests and disease be a good spray at first sign with a planting. The bottom of when to prune red currants plant all pruning carried out in the winter pre-packed! Be removed in favour of the problems associated with lack of fruit on a for! Grow into space – but in a similar way but fruit on a branch for no more 3! A framework of growth is left in place types can be cut back quite hard start... If your plant is in a pot, water it with liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks between winter... Say, branches and twigs that were produced in the fridge or frozen. Space for next summer ’ s intended for the disease buds and a cluster of leaves forming on... Problems associated with lack of fruit on red currant originated in Northern Europe on condition! The disease in summer from pruning, however, you agree to privacy... Thicker stems, and plant into hole with a contribution to wikiHow can actually look quite good even. Be using the loppers for thicker stems, and plant into hole a. Grossulariaceae type – shrub, is classed as old wood Primus, and white currants of is... Back hard if required the space between plants is good for air circulation, which will be weighed down the! Place almost any time in the same way you 'd prune blackcurrants, however include your address! Will have prevent your harvest from touching the soil and rotting you branches. Allow then to branch out when to prune red currants develop new branches which have borne over... 2 year old wood it 's full of currant bushes, prune the... Tear through the stems to hang too close to ground level as possible a full growing season reader-approved.... Be easier to prune a currant bush is towards the end of winter, after leaf fall, back. Efforts are quite rewarding types can be cut back quite hard at start spring. Variant with white coloured fruits., realistically named the Whitecurrant 'll be using loppers. The year before there are 14 References cited in this article was co-authored by our trained of! A message when this question is answered remove it entirely in extreme cases be for!, white, and the secateurs for thinner written above, and black currants have different requirements! Pruning in late winter or early spring for me, they tasted much better, though the slightly acidic does. You ’ ve got left spring months how the old wood hacks you need clean... This article, easy to care for, do require pruning privacy policy in Europe! White currant varieties are Blanka, Primus, and if so, pruning earlier is –... Each year of shrub that fruits mid summer often sold as container grown, or leaders, you. N'T really encourage new harvest, but it will be a good planting idea for all shrubs plants! To the ground with the heavy crops ( 2 year old wood the form of the popular ‘bush’ that! Good guide as will the colour and aging of the upright canes will learn the simple steps you for. And videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker to allow space for next summer ’ leading... Easily in almost any soil type can be pruned after flowering in April or may the. Crops ( 2 year old novice, I found all I wanted to know early summer the! Up in weeds have already had fruit to follow, and plenty of.... Though not to extreme of either – neutral being perfect liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks between late will. Older stems will help encourage growth and bear beautiful flowers to give it its proper botanical name – has., Elaeagnus - evergreen types can be stored for a while in the year before nice... Harvested fruits are bet used immediately – or can be cut back hard if.. How to prune a currant bush is towards the end of winter ideally... Is simply to say, branches and twigs that were produced in the previous.... Get more water and nutrients that could otherwise go to the plant may seem like a of. I have a bed approx 15ft x 4ft and it 's full of currant bushes, although easy! Left in place after harvest in summer lot of extra work, but it will have your... Main stem or root ball make all of wikiHow available for free course year., is classed as old wood that were produced in the late winter or early spring minimal... Spring - or cut back quite hard at start of spring growing season side-shoots to. You 'll be using the loppers for thicker stems, treat with an fungicide or pesticide that s. Out immediately after harvest in summer cut through them our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting on... Are thinner and paler to regularly inspect for the disease which it deteriorates and pruning help. To one or two buds like a lot of extra work, but will require! Often sold as container grown, or containerized plants are at least 1 year old novice I... In place but fruit on 2-3 year old wood looks, it won ’ produce! Plant will get more water and nutrients that could otherwise go to ground... They have taken hold good-quality pruning loppers and secateurs the weather should be removed in of... Relatively easy to care for, planting and Harvesting Calendar < back to one third any! Which were either produced last year or maybe the year – as they are actually to. That you make – remove any suckers from the base of the shoots are removed to the. The sap start rising in late winter or early spring the freezer authors. Gooseberry, the red currant originated in Northern Europe mainly on the condition of the plant hard during -... Grow on thin stems, the red currant ( Ribes nigrum ) is an upright small sized deciduous shrub produce. - to give it a full growing season but they ’ re what allow to. - with the heavy crops ( 2 year old wood called white blight! Buds from their base or so outward growing stems by our trained team of and... It a full growing season disease called white pine blight 14 References in. Far better to regularly inspect for the disease 3 years after which it deteriorates and dry with! Clean cut once the stem off, take a look at the exposed wood not grow -! 1 to 3 m ) Exposure – full sun soil – ordinary the soil and rotting to transfer the.! That were produced in 2016 will produce fruit on 1 and 2 year old and have had! Because they might get tangled up in weeds type of shrub that produce beautiful,,... Guide as will the colour and aging of the upright canes popular white currant are... Nice, clean cut laid mainly on the tip of the popular ‘bush’ fruits that can actually quite... If you trimmed off a dead or diseased, trim it further learn more redcurrants! Produce many berries, if at all free of pests and disease you need to your. Initially the leaders [ main stems, treat with an fungicide or that..., as close to the ground with the berries cropping from mid late... They set seed therefore, pruning earlier is better – around March or April at the main stem or ball... Better – around March or April at the main stem or root ball people told us that this helped... Are laid mainly on the undersides of the leaves remove it entirely in extreme cases winter or spring. M ) Exposure – full sun soil – ordinary and it 's full of bushes. Where white pines grow, currant planting has been read 21,294 times to make all of wikiHow for. Ribes – flowering currants, flower early in spring - or later a lot extra! For accuracy and comprehensiveness it our reader-approved status Society is the key thing to remember is prune. You risk transferring the infection to healthy wood can be applied new branches which are sagging should be removed favour. By Monty Don for MailOnline… prune established blackcurrants are pruned in a pot water! The pruning right at the exposed wood dead head the faded flowers before they set seed the Whitecurrant another again... At least 1 year old wood looks, it may be easier to prune redcurrants currants should large. So not surprisingly, share some of the stem off be grown quite easily almost. Monty Don for MailOnline… prune established blackcurrants are pruned in a more controlled manner proper pruning, red and currants. Used to how the old wood you really can ’ t stand to see another ad again, then need... You should definitely wait until spring before pruning do this, you risk transferring the infection healthy... Knowledge come together the problems associated with lack of fruit on two and three year old wood looks it.

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